Glossary

The NICE glossary provides brief definitions and explanations of terms and jargon used on our site. The terms describe how we work and how our guidance is produced.

Our glossary excludes specific clinical and medical terms although we intend to include these in the longer term. If you cannot find the term you are looking for, please email us so that we can consider adding it to the glossary. New terms are added regularly.

The glossary is not used for indexing the site or for navigation - for information on this, please see the NICE taxonomy.

Some definitions and examples are based on those in the ‘HTAi consumer and patient glossary’, with thanks to Health Technology Assessment International.

 

Fieldwork

Testing out draft public health guidance with health and other professionals who will be putting it into practice. This is done by holding meetings with groups of professionals who haven't been involved in developing the guidance.

Final appraisal determination (FAD)

This term relates to: Technology appraisals


The Appraisal Committee's revised guidance about using a treatment or group of treatments in the NHS. It is produced after considering comments that are made during the consultation. The consultees can appeal against the recommendations set out in the final appraisal determination. If there is no appeal, or any appeal is not upheld, the final appraisal determination is issued by NICE as guidance.

Final interventional procedures document (FIPD)

The Interventional Procedures Advisory Committee's revised guidance about whether a procedureshould be used in the NHS. The Committee produces this after considering comments that are made during a consultation period. Before the guidance is issued to the NHS, it can be read by organisations registered as consultees. If they think that the guidance is inaccurate or the process for developing interventional procedures guidance hasn't been followed, they can ask for a 'resolution' period, during which this is investigated. If there are no requests for resolution, the guidance is issued to the NHS.

Final scope

The final scope defines what aspects of care are covered by the guideline (and to whom it applies).

Focus group

Used for some types of qualitative research. Usually, between 6 and 12 people have a group interview or discussion on a particular topic. It is a good way to find out how people feel or think about an issue, or to come with possible solutions to a problem.

Forest plot

A graphical display to compare the degree of similarity or heterogeneity between studies.

Frequency

The number of times an event occurs during a specified period of time.

Full guideline

The version of a clinical guideline that contains the recommendations, summaries of the evidence and an explanation of how the recommendations were developed. It is written by members of the national collaborating centre responsible for the guideline, and a guideline development group. It is published by the national collaborating centre.

Funnel plot

A visual way of showing how the results of several studies of the same treatment vary. Usually the effect of treatment in each study is plotted in a graph against the number of people involved. Ideally, the points fall into an inverted funnel shape. If they do not, publication bias or other problems are likely.

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This page was last updated: 15 April 2011

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Selected, reliable information for health and social care in one place

Accessibility | Cymraeg | Freedom of information | Vision Impaired | Contact Us | Glossary | Data protection | Copyright | Disclaimer | Terms and conditions

Copyright 2014 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. All rights reserved.

Accessibility | Cymraeg | Freedom of information | Vision Impaired | Contact Us | Glossary | Data protection | Copyright | Disclaimer | Terms and conditions

Copyright 2014 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. All rights reserved.